Losecote Field, Battle of

(1470)
   Fought on 12 March 1470, the Battle of Losecote Field forced Richard NEVILLE, earl of Warwick, to abandon the house of YORK and seek a reconciliation with the house of LANCASTER.
   After the failure of their 1469 attempt to control EDWARD IV, Warwick and his ally George PLANTAGENET, duke of Clarence, the king’s brother, awaited an opportunity to overthrow Edward and enthrone Clarence. Their chance came in early March 1470, when a feud erupted in Lincolnshire between Richard Welles, Lord Welles, and Sir Thomas Burgh, Edward’s Master of Horse. When Welles, his son Sir Robert, and his brother-inlaw Sir Thomas Dymmock attacked Burgh’s manor house, driving him and his family from the shire, Edward intervened on his servant’s behalf. Summoned to LONDON, Welles and Dymmock were placed in custody, but Sir Robert remained in the field with the secret encouragement of Warwick, his distant kinsman. Clarence, meanwhile, met Edward in London and delayed the king’s departure for Lincolnshire by two days, thereby giving Sir Robert time to raise the commons of the shire with rumors that the king planned to execute the Lincolnshire men who had joined the ROBIN OF REDESDALE REBELLION of the previous summer.
   At Royston on 8 March, the day Edward learned that Sir Robert had assembled a large force of rebels, he also received letters from Warwick and Clarence stating that they would soon arrive to assist in crushing the WELLES UPRISING. Still unaware of their involvement, Edward issued COMMISSIONS OF ARRAY that included Warwick, thereby allowing the earl to raise troops with royal approval. The king then forced Welles to write to his son telling Sir Robert to submit or his father and Dymmock would die. On 11 March, Edward learned that the rebels and the troops of Warwick and Clarence were both heading for Leicester, news that raised royal suspicions as to the latter’s intentions. Welles’s letter prevented a conjunction of the two forces by convincing Sir Robert to retreat to Stamford in an effort to save his father’s life. Edward followed and caught the rebels next day near Empingham. The battle opened with the executions of Welles and Dymmock in full view of both armies. The rebels then confirmed Edward’s suspicions by advancing with cries of “a Warwick” and “a Clarence.” After a barrage of ARTILLERY, the more experienced royal army charged the larger rebel force and scattered it, turning the battle into a rout. Rebels wearing the livery of Warwick and Clarence stripped off their jackets and cast them aside in their flight, giving the battle its name—“Losecote Field.” Sir Robert Welles was captured, as was a servant of Clarence’s, who possessed letters from the duke proving his and Warwick’s involvement in the uprising. Edward ordered them to disband their forces and come to his presence, but they declined without a safeconduct, which Edward refused to grant. The king executed Sir Robert on 19 March after he confessed that the objective of the revolt was to place Clarence on the throne. Edward then issued a proclamation denouncing Warwick and Clarence as traitors if they did not surrender by 28 March. Fleeing to Clarence’s lordship at Dartmouth near Exeter, the earl, the duke, and their families took ship for FRANCE, where Warwick, abandoning his attempts to find a pliant Yorkist king, began negotiations with MARGARET OF ANJOU for the Lancastrian alliance that allowed the earl to overthrow Edward IV in the following autumn.
   Further Reading: Haigh, Philip A., The Military Campaigns of the Wars of the Roses (Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1995).

Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Lose-coat Field — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Losecoat Field caption= partof=Wars of the Roses date=12 March 1470 place=Tickencote Warren near Empingham in Rutland, England result=York Victory combatant1= combatant2= commander1=Edward IV… …   Wikipedia

  • Nibley Green, Battle of — (1470)    Fought on 20 March 1470 near the Gloucestershire village of the same name, the Battle of Nibley Green was the culmination of an inheritance dispute between Thomas Talbot, Viscount Lisle (1451–1470), and William Berkeley, Lord Berkeley… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Chronological Listing of the Battles of the Wars of the Roses —    Battle Date    St. Albans 22 May 1455    Blore Heath 23 September 1459    Ludford Bridge 12–13 October 1459    Northampton 10 July 1460    Wakefield 30 December 1460    Mortimer’s Cross 2 February 1461    St. Albans 17 February 1461… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Empingham — infobox UK place country = England latitude= 52.666389 longitude= 0.596389 official name= Empingham unitary england= Rutland lieutenancy england= Rutland region= East Midlands constituency westminster= Rutland and Melton post town= OAKHAM… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick — Richard Neville Warwick, from the Rous Roll. Born 22 November 1428(1428 11 22) Died 14 April 1471 …   Wikipedia

  • Guerre des Deux-Roses — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guerre civile anglaise. Guerre des Deux Roses …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chronology: Wars of the Roses — ♦1399 29 September. Deposition of Richard II; accession of Henry of Bolingbroke as Henry IV, first king of the house of Lancaster. ♦1411 22 September. Birth of Richard Plantagenet, future duke of York. ♦1413 20 March. Death of Henry IV;… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Guerre Des Deux-Roses — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guerre civile anglaise. Guerre des Deux Roses La rose r …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guerre des Deux Roses — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guerre civile anglaise. Guerre des Deux Roses La rose r …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guerre des Roses — Guerre des Deux Roses Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guerre civile anglaise. Guerre des Deux Roses La rose r …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.